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Muslim Heritage

This page contains a full list of the publications published on this website. The MuslimHeritage.com website contains hundreds of articles and many of them are shortened summaries extracted from the following academic publications.
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FULL ARTICLE - Intro' to the Islamic City, by: FSTC Limited
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PUBLICATION NUMBER: 4012
COPYRIGHT: © FSTC Limited 2002, 2003

Selection of videos on Muslim Heritage:
FULL ARTICLE - A review of Muslim Geography, by: FSTC Limited
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PUBLICATION NUMBER: 4013
COPYRIGHT: © FSTC Limited 2002, 2003

FULL ARTICLE - Education in Islam, by: FSTC Limited
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PUBLICATION NUMBER: 4015
COPYRIGHT: © FSTC Limited 2002, 2003

FULL ARTICLE - Muslim Historians, by: FSTC Limited
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PUBLICATION NUMBER: 4016
COPYRIGHT: © FSTC Limited 2002, 2003

FULL ARTICLE - Contribution to Chemistry, by: FSTC Limited
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PUBLICATION NUMBER: 4017
COPYRIGHT: © FSTC Limited 2002, 2003

FULL ARTICLE - Intro' to Musilm Agriculture, by: FSTC Limited
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PUBLICATION NUMBER: 4018
COPYRIGHT: © FSTC Limited 2002, 2003

FULL ARTICLE - Intro' to Muslim Astronomy, by: FSTC Limited
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PUBLICATION NUMBER: 4019
COPYRIGHT: © FSTC Limited 2002, 2003

FULL ARTICLE - Muslim Observatories, by: FSTC Limited
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PUBLICATION NUMBER: 4020
COPYRIGHT: © FSTC Limited 2002, 2003

FULL ARTICLE - Civil Eng. - Dam Construction, by: FSTC Limited
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PUBLICATION NUMBER: 4021
COPYRIGHT: © FSTC Limited 2001, 2002

FULL ARTICLE - Piri Reis World Maps, by: FSTC Limited
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PUBLICATION NUMBER: 4022
COPYRIGHT: © FSTC Limited 2001, 2002

FULL ARTICLE - Islamic Social Sciences, by: FSTC Limited
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PUBLICATION NUMBER: 4023
COPYRIGHT: © FSTC Limited 2001, 2002

FULL ARTICLE - Islam and Science, by: FSTC Limited
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PUBLICATION NUMBER: 4024
COPYRIGHT: © FSTC Limited 2001, 2002

FULL ARTICLE: Introduction to Muslim Science, by: Dr. Salah Zaimeche
Whilst the period of Antiquity, the time of Greco-Roman civilisation, and the Renaissance receive high praise, the period in between (late fifth to the late fifteenth) is highly obscured. Read about those 1000 years of missing history.

FULL ARTICLE - Architecture of Muslim Spain, by: FSTC Limited
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PUBLICATION NUMBER: 4026
COPYRIGHT: © FSTC Limited 2001, 2002

FULL ARTICLE - Architecture of the Abbassid, by: FSTC Limited
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PUBLICATION NUMBER: 4027
COPYRIGHT: © FSTC Limited 2001, 2002

FULL ARTICLE - Architecture under Umayyads, by: FSTC Limited
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PUBLICATION NUMBER: 4028
COPYRIGHT: © FSTC Limited 2001, 2002

FULL ARTICLE - Intro' to Islamic Architecture, by: FSTC Limited
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PUBLICATION NUMBER: 4030
COPYRIGHT: © FSTC Limited 2001, 2002

FULL ARTICLE - The Arch that never sleeps, by: FSTC Limited
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PUBLICATION NUMBER: 4031
COPYRIGHT: © FSTC Limited 2001, 2002

FULL ARTICLE - Muslim Rocket Technology, by: Professor M. Mansour
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PUBLICATION NUMBER: 4036
COPYRIGHT: © FSTC Limited 2002, 2003

FULL ARTICLE - Muslim Control Eng., by: Professor M. Mansour
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PUBLICATION NUMBER: 4035
COPYRIGHT: © FSTC Limited 2002, 2003

FULL ARTICLE - Urinary Stone Disease, by: A M Dajani
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PUBLICATION NUMBER: 4040
COPYRIGHT: © FSTC Limited 2002, 2003

FULL ARTICLE - Interior Architecture of Desert Climate, by: Mr. Hadi Ali Shateh
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PUBLICATION NUMBER: 4037
COPYRIGHT: © FSTC Limited 2002, 2003

FULL ARTICLE - Abbasid Gardens, by: Prof. Dr. Qasim Al-Samarrai
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PUBLICATION NUMBER: 4038
COPYRIGHT: © FSTC Limited 2002, 2003

FULL ARTICLE - The Contribution of Ibn Sina to Earth Sciences., by: Dr. Munim M. Al-Rawi
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PUBLICATION NUMBER: 4039
COPYRIGHT: © FSTC Limited 2002, 2003

FULL ARTICLE - Aspects of the Islamic Influence on Science and Learning in the Christian West, by: FSTC Limited
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PUBLICATION NUMBER: 4040
COPYRIGHT: © FSTC Limited 2003, 2004

FULL ARTICLE – Muslim Architecture Under Seljuk Patronage (1038-1327), by: FSTC Limited
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PUBLICATION NUMBER: 4041
COPYRIGHT: © FSTC Limited 2003, 2004

FULL ARTICLE - Aspects of Mineralogy and Gemology, by: Professor Abdulkader M.Abed
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PUBLICATION NUMBER: 4043
COPYRIGHT: © FSTC Limited 2003, 2004

FULL ARTICLE: The Little Known Tolerant and Humane Aspects of Muslim Civilisation, by: Salah Zaimeche BA, MA, PhD
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PUBLICATION NUMBER: 4044
COPYRIGHT: © FSTC Limited 2003, 2004

FULL ARTICLE: Ibn Hazm’s Philosophy and Thoughts on Science, by: Prof Salim al Hassani
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PUBLICATION NUMBER: 4045
COPYRIGHT: © FSTC Limited 2003, 2004

FULL ARTICLE: Islamic Coins during the Umayyad, Abbasid, Andalusian and Fatimid Dynasties, by: Wijdan Ali PhD.
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PUBLICATION NUMBER: 4046
COPYRIGHT: © FSTC Limited 2003, 2004

FULL ARTICLE: Mamluks, by: FSTC
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PUBLICATION NUMBER: 4047
COPYRIGHT: © FSTC Limited 2004

FULL ARTICLE: Spain's Islamic Heritage: A Muslim's Travelogue, by: Prof S M Ghazanfar
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PUBLICATION NUMBER: 4050
COPYRIGHT: © FSTC Limited 2003, 2004


FULL ARTICLE: The Arab Contribution to Music of the Western World, by: FSTC Limited
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PUBLICATION NUMBER: 4052
COPYRIGHT: © FSTC Limited 2003, 2004


FULL ARTICLE: The Muslim Carpet and the Origin of Carpeting, by: FSTC Limited
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PUBLICATION NUMBER: 4053
COPYRIGHT: © FSTC Limited 2003, 2004


FULL ARTICLE: Classical Science and Related Institutions within the Ottoman Administration, by: Salim Ayduz PhD
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PUBLICATION NUMBER: 4054
COPYRIGHT: © FSTC Limited 2003, 2004


FULL ARTICLE: The Madrasas of the Ottoman Empire, by: Prof Ekmeleddin Ihsanoglu
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PUBLICATION NUMBER: 4055
COPYRIGHT: © FSTC Limited 2003, 2004


FULL ARTICLE: Ottoman Educational Institutions during the Reform Period, by: Prof Ekmeleddin Ihsanoglu
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PUBLICATION NUMBER: 4057
COPYRIGHT: © FSTC Limited 2003, 2004


FULL ARTICLE: The Dialogue of Civilisations: Islamic Influences on European Renaissance, by: Prof S.M Ghazanfar
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PUBLICATION NUMBER: 4057
COPYRIGHT: © FSTC Limited 2003, 2004


FULL ARTICLE: The Impact of Islam on Urban Development in North Africa, by: FSTC Limited
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PUBLICATION NUMBER: 4056
COPYRIGHT: © FSTC Limited 2003, 2004


FULL ARTICLE: The Ottoman Ulema (Scholars), by: Prof Mehmet Ipsirli
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PUBLICATION NUMBER: 4059
COPYRIGHT: © FSTC Limited 2003, 2004


FULL ARTICLE: Myths and Fallacies Surrounding the Decline of Muslim Civilisation, by: FSTC Limited
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PUBLICATION NUMBER: 4060
COPYRIGHT: © FSTC Limited 2003, 2004


FULL ARTICLE: The Mamluks in History, by: FSTC Limited
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PUBLICATION NUMBER: 4061
COPYRIGHT: © FSTC Limited 2003, 2004


FULL ARTICLE: Ottoman Cash Waqfs Revisited: The Case of Bursa 1555- 1823, by: Prof Murat Cizakca
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PUBLICATION NUMBER: 4062
COPYRIGHT: �© FSTC Limited 2003, 2004


FULL ARTICLE: Celestial Globes Armillary Spheres, by: Jonathan Chang
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PUBLICATION NUMBER: 4063
COPYRIGHT�© FSTC Limited 2003, 2004


FULL ARTICLE: Muslim Architecture under Ottoman Patronage (1326-1924), by: FSTC Limited
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PUBLICATION NUMBER: 4064
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FULL ARTICLE: Introduction to Muslim Art, by: FSTC Limited
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PUBLICATION NUMBER: 4065
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FULL ARTICLE: Turkish Contributions to Scientific Work in Islam, by: Prof Aydin Sayili
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PUBLICATION NUMBER: 4066
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FULL ARTICLE: Al-Qayrawan (Tunisia), by: FSTC Limited
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PUBLICATION NUMBER: 4067
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FULL ARTICLE: Constellations, Fixed Stars and the Zodiac in Islamic Astronomy, by: Salim Ayduz PhD
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PUBLICATION NUMBER: 4068
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FULL ARTICLE: The Impact of Islamic Science and Learning on England, by: FSTC Limited
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PUBLICATION NUMBER: 4069
COPYRIGHT© FSTC Limited 2003, 2004


FULL ARTICLE: Morocco as a Great Centre of Islamic Science and Civilisation, by: FSTC Limited
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PUBLICATION NUMBER: 4070
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FULL ARTICLE: Sicily, by: FSTC Limited
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PUBLICATION NUMBER: 4071
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FULL ARTICLE: Granada - The Last Refuge of Muslims in Spain, by: FSTC Limited
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PUBLICATION NUMBER: 4072
COPYRIGHT © FSTC Limited 2003, 2004


FULL ARTICLE: The Map of America by Pîrî Reis, by: Professsor Sevim Tekeli
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PUBLICATION NUMBER: 4073
COPYRIGHT © FSTC Limited 2003, 2004


FULL ARTICLE: Turkish Contributions to Philosophical Culture, by: Professor Mehmet Aydin
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PUBLICATION NUMBER: 4074
COPYRIGHT © FSTC Limited 2005


FULL ARTICLE: Decoding and Demystifying Da Vinci, by: Dr Zohor Shanan Idrisi
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PUBLICATION NUMBER: 4075
COPYRIGHT © FSTC Limited 2005


FULL ARTICLE: Samarkand, by: FSTC Limited
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PUBLICATION NUMBER: 4076
COPYRIGHT © FSTC Limited 2005


FULL ARTICLE: Merv, by: FSTC Limited
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PUBLICATION NUMBER: 4077
COPYRIGHT © FSTC Limited 2005


FULL ARTICLE: Aleppo , by: FSTC Ltd
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PUBLICATION NUMBER: 4078
COPYRIGHT © FSTC Limited 2005


FULL ARTICLE: Damascus, by: FSTC Ltd
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PUBLICATION NUMBER: 4079
COPYRIGHT © FSTC Limited 2005


FULL ARTICLE: The Observational Instruments of Istanbul Observatory, by: Professor Sevim Tekeli
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PUBLICATION NUMBER: 4080
COPYRIGHT © FSTC Limited 2005


FULL ARTICLE: Hama, by: FSTC Limited
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PUBLICATION NUMBER: 4081
COPYRIGHT © FSTC Limited 2005


FULL ARTICLE: Jerusalem, by: FSTC Limited
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PUBLICATION NUMBER: 4082
COPYRIGHT © FSTC Limited 2005

FULL ARTICLE: Central Asian Contributions to the earlier phases of hospital building , by: Prof Aydin Sayili
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PUBLICATION NUMBER: 4083
COPYRIGHT © FSTC Limited 2005

FULL ARTICLE: Balkh Mosque, by: FSTC Ltd
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PUBLICATION NUMBER: 4084
COPYRIGHT © FSTC Limited 2005

FULL ARTICLE: Ravy (Rayy), by: FSTC Ltd
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PUBLICATION NUMBER: 4085
COPYRIGHT © FSTC Limited 2005

FULL ARTICLE:Cairo, by: FSTC Ltd
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PUBLICATION NUMBER: 4086
COPYRIGHT: © FSTC Limited 2005

FULL ARTICLE:Acoustic Solutions in Classic Ottoman Architecture, by: Professor Mutbul Kayili
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PUBLICATION NUMBER: 4087
COPYRIGHT: © FSTC Limited 2005

FULL ARTICLE: The Muslims Agricultural Revolution and its Influence on Europe, by: Dr Zohor Idrisi
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PUBLICATION NUMBER: 4088
COPYRIGHT: © FSTC Limited 2005

FULL ARTICLE: Baghdad, by: FSTC Limited
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PUBLICATION NUMBER: 4089
COPYRIGHT: © FSTC Limited 2005

FULL ARTICLE: Jewel of Chinese Muslims Heritage , by: Mohammed Khamouch
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PUBLICATION NUMBER: 4090
COPYRIGHT: © FSTC Limited 2005

FULL ARTICLE: A Look at the Topic ‘Zinyet’ (beauty) in the Canon by Ibn Sina, by: Professor Nil Akdeniz Sari
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PUBLICATION NUMBER: 4091
COPYRIGHT: © FSTC Limited 2005

FULL ARTICLE: Toledo, by: FSTC Limited
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PUBLICATION NUMBER: 4092
COPYRIGHT: © FSTC Limited 2005

FULL ARTICLE: Malaga, by: FSTC Limited
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PUBLICATION NUMBER: 4093
COPYRIGHT: © FSTC Limited 2005

FULL ARTICLE: Using an Astrolabe, by: Dr Emily Winterburn
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PUBLICATION NUMBER: 4094
COPYRIGHT: © FSTC Limited 2005

FULL ARTICLE: Seville, by: Dr Salah Zaimeche
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PUBLICATION NUMBER: 4095
COPYRIGHT: © FSTC Limited 2005

FULL ARTICLE: Scholars of Muslim Heritage: Professor Aydin Sayili, by: Professor Mubahat Turker-Kuyel
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PUBLICATION NUMBER: 4096
COPYRIGHT: © FSTC Limited 2005

FULL ARTICLE: Educating the Ottoman Physician, by: Professor Nil Sari
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PUBLICATION NUMBER: 4097
COPYRIGHT: © FSTC Limited 2005

FULL ARTICLE: George Sarton and The History of Science, by: Professor Aydin Sayili
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PUBLICATION NUMBER: 4098
COPYRIGHT: © FSTC Limited 2005

FULL ARTICLE - Bediuzzaman and The Nursi Movement2, by: Dr. Talip Alp
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PUBLICATION NUMBER:
COPYRIGHT: © FSTC Limited 2006


FULL ARTICLE - The Economic Theory of Ibn Khaldun and the Rise and Fall of Nations, by: Dr. Selim Cafer Karatas
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PUBLICATION NUMBER: 401
COPYRIGHT: © FSTC Limited 2006

FULL ARTICLE - Seeking Seamless Celestial Globes: An Interview with Emilie Savage-Smith, by: Najma Kazi
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PUBLICATION NUMBER: 387
COPYRIGHT: © FSTC Limited 2006

FULL ARTICLE - The Miracle of Light, by: H. Salih, M. Al-Amri and M. El Gomati
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PUBLICATION NUMBER: 385
COPYRIGHT: © FSTC Limited 2006

FULL ARTICLE - Artillery Trade of the Ottoman Empire, by: Dr. Salim Ayduz
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PUBLICATION NUMBER: 610
COPYRIGHT: © FSTC Limited 2006

FULL ARTICLE - Islamic Science of Weights (Original), by: Prof. Mohammed Abattouy
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FULL ARTICLE - Islamic Art as a Means of Cultural Exchange, by: H.R.H. Princess Wijdan Ali
With the expansion of Islam over a vast area of land, Muslim artists started to develop the traits they had borrowed from other civilizations, and created their own styles, motifs and fashion which conformed to the teachings of their own religion, thus shaping their own aesthetics.

FULL ARTICLE - Islam and the Origins of Contemporary Western Civilisation, by: Abdul-Hafez Helmy Mohammad
The contemporary Western civilisation is a great florescence and a wide-spectrum development of the preceding Islamic civilisation. The Islamic civilisation was a ring in the eternal chain of human progress, which opened its heart and mind to preceding civilisations, whatever might have been their sources and trends.

FULL ARTICLE - Turkish Medical History of the Seljuk Era, by: Prof. Dr. Ali Haydar Bayat
The science of medicine in the Turkish Seljuks was a continuation of the experience and knowledge of the Islamic medicine through the Seljuk geography. Hospitals that existed in the Muslim world before the Seljuks were developed and spread by them.

FULL ARTICLE - The Ottoman Empire and Europe: Cultural Encounters, by: Prof. Dr. Gunsel Renda
This article mainly covers the cultural encounters between Europe and the Ottomans who had become immediate neighbours on the Balkans and the Mediterranean after the Ottoman state expanded into Central Europe.

FULL ARTICLE - The Birth of the Science of Weights (Roman), by: Prof. Mohammed Abattouy
The paper brings out the contribution of Muslim scholars in the subject of mechanics; a subject hitherto little known. It analyzes historical significance of the Arabic science of weights.

FULL ARTICLE - Islamic Science of Weights (Roman), by: Prof. Mohammed Abattouy
This article includes the recent work by Professor Abattouy and his co-workers. The work has revealed the enormous wealth of Islamic literature on the science of weights. Their findings established that there is much larger account than usually assumed in history of science.

FULL ARTICLE - The Modern Hospital in Medieval Islam, by: Prof. Dr. Aydin Sayili
The hospital was one of the most developed institutions of medieval Islam and one of the high-water marks of the Muslim civilisation. The hospitals of medieval Islam were hospitals in the modern sense of the word

FULL ARTICLE - The Place of Central Asia in the History of Science and Culture, by: Prof. Dr. Aydin Sayili
Abu Ja`far Muhammad ibn Mûsâ al-Khwârazmî is a truly outstanding personality and a foremost representative of the supremacy of the Islamic World during the Middle Ages. Medieval Islam was largely responsible for the shaping of the canon of knowledge that dominated medieval European thought.

FULL ARTICLE - Transfer of Islamic Technology to the West, by: Prof. Dr. Ahmad Y. al-Hassan
The article covers the avenues which led to the transfer of the Islamic knowledge, from Al Andalus, Sicily and Byzantium to the Wars (crusades on the Islamic World), as well as commercial relations and also the translation of Arabic works.

FULL ARTICLE: Transfer of Modern Science and Technology to the Ottoman State, by: Dr. Salim Ayduz
Previous researches show that there are many translation activities in different fields in the eighteenth century. This article will provide a short introduction to the history of scientific activities in the Ottoman world until the eighteenth century.

FULL ARTICLE: The Emergence of Scientific Tradition in Islam, by: Prof. Alparslan Acikgenc
The definition and nature of science has long been an intriguing philosophical dilemma. In this essay Prof. Acikgenc discusses the substance of science, and related issues such as the scientific community, within an Islamic context.

FULL ARTICLE: Pioneers of Automatic Control Systems , by: Prof. Atilla Bir and Assoc. Dr. Mustafa Kacar

Although, the feedback concept which is lying in the foundation of dynamic systems has been perceived relative recently, the idea was understood and applied correctly by the Muslim scientists.


FULL ARTICLE: An Overview of Ottoman Scientific Activities, by: Prof. Ekmeleddin Ihsanoglu
The scientific activities observed within the borders of the Ottoman Empire throughout the six centuries of history of the Ottomans displayed a unique course of development. Although the Ottomans had many shared elements from the viewpoint of historical heritage and tradition with the other Islamic societies remaining outside of the Ottoman Empire, they also had some differences due to the geographical location.

FULL ARTICLE: Contribution of Khwârazmî to Mathematics and Geography, by: Dr. N. Akmal Ayyubi
Mûsâ Al-Khwârazmî is one of the greatest scientific minds of the medieval period and most important Muslim mathematician who was justly called the 'father of algebra'.

FULL ARTICLE: Attempts of Flight, Automatic Machines and Rocket Technology in Turkish History, by: Prof. Arslan Terzioglu
In the Islamic world, great importance was placed upon the study of natural sciences and technology. This article brings out some of the important works of Turkish Muslim scholars in the fields of automatic machines, clocks and rocket technology.

FULL ARTICLE: The “Observation Well”, by: Prof. Aydin Sayili
Observation wells received much historical interest relating to observatories. In this article Prof. Sayili describes the history of "observation wells" both in Islamic and European worlds.

FULL ARTICLE: Better Directions at Sea: The Piri Reis Innovation, by: Prof. Thomas D. Goodrich
The Ottoman Turk Pîrî Reis is truly a great figure in the history of cartography. Pîrî Reis has become well known for his two world maps and for his portolan, the Kitab-i Bahriye. By merging text and maps into one he tried to help sailors get where they want to go safely; he improved maritime directions.


FULL ARTICLE: The Art of Calligraphy in the Ottoman Empire, by: Prof. M. Ugur Derman
Ottoman Turks produced and perfected several varieties of Arabic script. All the various branches of the art of calligraphy, an art greatly loved and respected by the Ottoman Turks, were flourished particularly in the city of Istanbul.

FULL ARTICLE: Muslim Historians , by: Dr. Salah Zaimeche
The study of history has received a great deal of attention from Muslims over the centuries, from the time of the Prophet to modernity. This short article details some of the early historians and their work after the 15th Century. The historians considered in this short article are but a few names in a multitude of Muslim writers on history.

FULL ARTICLE: Scientific Contacts and Influences Between Islamic World and Europe:Case of Astronomy, by: Prof. Paul Kunitzsch
For more than a thousand years the Muslim East and the Christian West, notwithstanding the differences in matters of creed, ideology and social traditions and the intervening opposition of defenders of orthodoxy on both sides, cultivated science in mutual contact.

FULL ARTICLE: Logical Necessities in Mixed Equations By Abd Al-Hamîd Ibn Turk and the Algebra , by: Aydin Sayili
The famed Muslim scholar Al-Kwarazmi has long been known as the father of Algebra. In this article, Aydin Sayili presents an alternative view of the inception and development of Algebra.

FULL ARTICLE: Alfraganus and the Elements of Astronomy, by: Assoc. Prof. Yavuz Unat
Al-Farghânî, known in the West as Alfraganus , was one of the most famous astronomers of the 9th century. His book, Elements of Astronomy, written in 833 CE remained as the most popular text book on astronomy until the 15th century, both in the West and in the East.

FULL ARTICLE: The Article on the Quality of the Observations , by: Prof. Sevim Tekeli
Astronomy has for a long time been of keen interest of Muslims throughout centuries. This article by Professor Sevim Tekeli highlights the quality and precision of observations made by al-Urdi.

Quality of Observations, by: Prof. Sevim Tekeli
Astronomy has for a long time been of keen interest of Muslims throughout centuries. This article by Professor Sevim Tekeli highlights the quality and precision of observations made by al-Urdi.

FULL ARTICLE: Ottoman Maritime Arsenals , by: Prof. Idris Bostan
In this article Prof. Idris Bostan describes Ottoman shipbuilding efforts and achievements within the broader context of the progression of military technology and capability.

FULL ARTICLE: Mapping and Picturing: Maps as Records of History, by: Prof. Gunsel Renda
A study of historical maps and sea charts indicates that cartographers have often considered map making as an art as well as a science and aimed to record the different parts of the world not only with their topographical details but also with their history.

FULL ARTICLE: Calendars and Almanac in Islamic Civilization , by: Dr. Salim Ayduz
From early on Muslim scholars began to follow the movements of the sun and the moon in their endeavour to accurately measure time, and came to play a leading role in the advance of astronomical science.

FULL ARTICLE: Safi al-Din al-Urmawi and the Theory of Music, by: Dr. Fazli Arslan
In this detailed and well documented article, Dr. Fazli Arslan describes the work of one of the most important figures of the history of Middle Eastern music, Safi al-Din 'Abd al-Mu'min al-Urmawi.

A Shared Legacy: Islamic Science East and West, by: FSTC Limited
The International Union of The History and Philosophy of Science - Commission on History of Science & Technology in Islamic Societies organizes an important conference.

FULL ARTICLE: The Valuable Contributions of al-Razi (Rhazes) in the History of Pharmacy, by: Dr. Sharif Kaf Al-Ghazal
Abu Bakr Muhammad ibn Zakariyya al-Razi was a physician, a chemist and a philosopher. In medicine, his contribution was so significant that it can only be compared to that of Ibn Sina.Al-Razi was also the first in the Islamic medical tradition to write a book based on home medical (remedial) advise entitled Man la yahduruhu al-tibb for the general public.

FULL ARTICLE: Al-Zahrawi (Albucasis) the Great Andalusian Surgeon, by: Dr. Sharif Kaf Al-Ghazal
Abu al-Qasim Khalaf ibn 'Abbas al-Zahrawi (936-1013 CE) was simply the greatest Muslim surgeon. The European physicians and surgeons regarded him as a greater authority than even Galen, the ancient world's acknowledged master.

FULL ARTICLE: The Origin of Bimaristans (Hospitals) in Islamic Medical History, by: Dr. Sharif Kaf Al-Ghazal
The physicians in the Islamic world put in mind to follow a precise system inside the hospitals so that it would be based upon academic graduation which fulfills two aims: First, the welfare of the patients to be dealt with their treatment according to the updated rules of medical treatment. Second, Bimaristans used for teaching medicine to the newly graduated physicians responsible to treat patients successfully. Therefore the Bimaristans in the Islamic world followed all the technical rules that fulfilled the two purposes together.

FULL ARTICLE: The Influence of Islamic Philosophy and Ethics on the Development of Medicine , by: Dr. Sharif Kaf Al-Ghazal
Although Islamic philosophy is of great diversity and richness, it is characterized by certain features that are of special significance for both an understanding of it and for an appraisal of its impact on the world at large.

FULL ARTICLE: Ibn al-Nafis and the Discovery of Pulmonary Circulation, by: Dr. Sharif Kaf Al-Ghazal
The major original contribution of Ibn al-Nafis that had a great significance in history was his discovery of the pulmonary circulatory, which was re-discovered by modern science after a lapse of three centuries. He was the first to correctly describe the constitution of the lungs and give a description of the bronchi and the interaction between the human body's vessels for air and blood. Also, he elaborated the function of the coronary arteries as feeding the cardiac muscle.

FULL ARTICLE: The Legacy of Muslim Kung Fu Masters, by: Master Mohammed Khamouch
An important legacy of Islam in China is represented by Muslim Kung Fu, developed throughout history by Muslim Masters, who merged in their endeavour and training between physical and spiritual perfection. The following short survey by Mohammed Khamouch and the longer article referred to below by the same author analyse this legacy and shed light on its different historicfal and cultural dimensions.

FULL ARTICLE: Süleymaniye Medical Madrasa (Dar al-Tib) in the History of Ottoman Medicine, by: Dr. Salim Ayduz
This article discusses the emergence and origins of institutional Ottoman medical practice and learning, and provides an insight into the trade of expertise between the Ottoman provinces and further a field. It focuses on the Süleymaniye medical school built by Süleyman the Magnificent in the middle of the 16th century in Istanbul.

FULL ARTICLE: Ottoman Mining and Metal Working in the Balkans, by: Prof. H.H. Günhan Danisman
The article deals with the impact of Ottoman mining and metal working technology in the Balkans region on the fire-arms technology of Southeast Europe during the crucial period going from the 15th century through to the 17th century.

FULL ARTICLE: Sinan - A Great Ottoman Architect and Urban Designer, by: FSTC Limited
Sinan, called Mimar Sinan (Architect Sinan) and Mimar Koca Sinan (Great Architect Sinan), is the most celebrated of all Ottoman architects. In this article by Dr. Rabah Saoud, his architectural models are characterised. These models that perfected in the construction of mosques and other buildings, served as the basic themes for virtually all later Ottoman religious and civic architecture.

FULL ARTICLE: The Arabic Partial Version of Pseudo-Aristotle's Mechanical Problems, by: Prof. Mohammed Abattouy
Based on manuscript evidence, the article presents a study of the historical and textual traditions of a fragment of Arabic mechanics which is also edited in Arabic and translated into English. This fragment, entitled Nutaf min al-hiyal, presents an Arabic translation of the theoretical part of the Probelama mechanica, a famous treatise of ancient mechanics attributed to Aristotle.

FULL ARTICLE: Hindiba - A Drug for Cancer Treatment in Muslim Heritage, by: Prof. Nil Sari
Hindiba is a plant of Middle Eastern lands that was under scrutiny in the different periods of Islamic medicine, for its therapeutic value as a drug for the treatment of various diseases, including cancer. The following detailed study by Professor Nil Sari, a renowned expert in this field, investigates the historical and medical aspects of the lasting fate hindiba had in Islamic and Ottoman Turkish medical traditions.

FULL ARTICLE: Tolerance or Compatibility? The Search for a Qur'anic Paradigm of Science, by: Assoc. Prof. Ahmad Dallal
In this illuminating analysis, Assoc. Prof. Ahmad Dallal produces an authoritative study of some episodes of the scientific exegis of the Holy text of Islam, the Qur'an, focusing on the exegesis (tafsir) of Fakhr al-Din al-Razi. In the second part of the article, he submits the modern discourse on Qur'an and science to a stimulating critical assessment.

FULL ARTICLE: The Arabic Sources of Jordanus de Nemore, by: Prof. Menso Folkerts and Prof. Richard Lorch
The following article by Professors Menso Folkerts and Richard Lorch, from Munich University in Germany, describes the influences of Arabic sciences in the works of Jordanus de Nemore, a scholar who flourished in Western Europe in the 13th century. The scientific texts composing the Jordanus corpus in mathematics, astronomy and mechanics display some of the first influences of Arabic learning, which began to be translated into Latin few decades earlier.

FULL ARTICLE: Islamic Automation, by: Dr. Gunalan Nadarajan
This short paper introduces a longer essay by Dr. Gunalan Nadarajan, Associate Dean of Research and Graduate Studies in the College of Arts and Architecture at Penn State University. The essay draws on the work of al-Jazari, the famous 13th century Islamic scholar, engineer and scientist.

The Clock of Civilisations, by: FSTC Limited
A fascinating presentation on the 800 years old Elephant clock of Al-Jazari which reflects the contributions of Greek, Egyptian, Indian, Chinese and Muslim civilisations.


Source :

http://www.muslimheritage.com/topics/default.cfm?articleID=824

Selection of videos on Muslim Heritage:

http://www.muslimheritage.com/topics/default.cfm?articleID=835

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Source:http://www.muslimheritage.com/topics/default.cfm
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